Have you ever seen a dog almost bald and itching aggressively wandering on the streets? It is most likely affected by mange.
Mange is a horrible skin condition that is caused by mites in dogs and foxes. Mange in dogs and foxes can cause bald spots, severe itching that sometimes leads to bleeding, inflammation, and thickening of the skin. However, mange can be fatal in foxes, it can be easily treated in dogs. So, how to treat mange in dogs?
Types of Mange:
Depending on different factors and skin conditions, we classify mange into three different types:
1. Demodectic Mange or Demodex
It is a condition that is never caught from other dogs and animals but developed when a certain condition directly affects a dog’s immune system. Naturally, all dogs have mites, but they are controlled by a dog’s immune system.
When the immune system is down, the mites cannot be controlled and are exploded to a point that it results in demodectic mange. Because this condition is developed by the body and not caught, it is not contagious. i.e. doesn’t spread among dogs and other animals and can easily be cured and controlled.
2. Sarcoptic Mange
It is also known as Canine Scabies and is an aggressive form of mange that is caught from other infested animals. Sarcoptic mange is a highly contagious disease that is spread readily among the dogs and is characterized by intense itching, skin redness, irritation, and a complete loss of hair.
The treatment of sarcoptic mange takes approximately 6-7 weeks depending on the health of the dog and what the vet recommends.
Cheyletiellosis is often known as “Walking dandruff “and is relatively uncommon than the above two types of mange. The mite burrows in the skin and are usually seen walking on the surface of skin that cause severe itching, irritation and excessive scaling of the skin. It is a rare but serious condition, mostly seen in dogs with poor hygiene and husbandry conditions.
How to Treat Mange in Dogs?
Although mange seems severe and incurable, it can easily be treated if timely treatment and medication are provided to the dog.
Mange in dogs cannot be treated with oral medicine, therefore, you need to consult the vet first before following any prescriptions and starting any treatment.
Bravecto plus Sulphur Bath for Demodex
Depending on the type of mange, the vet will provide a medicated soap and shampoo. In most cases, for demodectic mange, bravecto plus Sulphur bath is the most effective medicine. It is used to treat a number of infections and allergies such as ticks infestations, flea infestations, ear mites, roundworms, hookworms and heartworm diseases. The active substance in Bravecto Plus is frulalaner that kills parasites on the dog’s skin and furs.
Ivermectin Injections for Sarcoptic Mange
Ivermectin injections are strong drugs given 2 weeks apart to treat mange in dogs. As sarcoptic mange is contagious, you should keep other pets away from the affected dog so they don’t catch the infection.
After the 2nd injection, the dog is not considered contagious and can mingle with other pets.
Dietary supplements help boost the immunity system to fight back against mange. Colostrum, Omega-3 fatty acids and vital vitamins such as Vitamin A, C, and D help relieve in itching and inflammation.
Add dietary supplements to the dog food to treat mange.
However, some topical treatments and medicated bath might be too harsh on the affected skin of poor dogs, you can easily opt for the natural remedies to treat mange completely in dogs.
Natural Remedies to Treat Mange in Dogs
1. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar is considered as the most effective product for treating skin problems in humans and animals both. The apple cider vinegar basically reacts with the pH level of your dog’s body and relieve the itchiness and inflammation caused by the mange.
You can dip a cotton ball into the vinegar and apply it to your dog’s body surface gently to kill the mites and ease the condition. For better results, add a few drops of apple cider vinegar in the dog food to fight off the mites.
Honey is a natural antioxidant and antiseptic that is used to treat several diseases and skin conditions. Honey can be effective to treat mange in dogs as well.
Just rub a small amount of honey into the affected areas to help relieve the itchiness and red spots.
3. Mixture of Hydrogen Peroxide and Borax
The mixture of hydrogen peroxide and borax always works for the treatment of mange in dogs. However, be careful to not confuse borax with boric acid as boric acid will have an adverse reaction when mixed with hydrogen peroxide.
You can give your dog a bath with this mixture or spray it all over the affected areas and leave it to dry naturally so it can be absorbed into the skin.
Discontinue its use if your dog seems more irritated after the bath.
Never use this mixture for over 6 weeks.
4. Olive Oil
Olive oil has proven to soothe mange and also control the mites that cause the condition. Spray or apply olive oil onto the dog’s itchy and scaly skin surface to moisturize and relieve the itchiness caused by the mites.
5. Neem Oil
Neem is an antifungal, anti-parasitic medicine that kills the mites and stops their reproduction cycle. Therefore, doctors recommend organic neem shampoo baths for the treatment of mange.
Use neem oil twice a day for better and fast results.
It is NOT recommended to apply neem essential oil onto the affected skin.
Mange in dogs can be cured easily with the help of proper medications and timely visits to the expert vets. Take into consideration that no matter how many times your dog recovers from mange, it can always return if the conditions are favorable for mites and other parasites.
Along with the treatment, clean your house, beds, carpets and other belongings to get rid of the mites completely. This will prevent the mites from re-infecting your dog.
In conclusion, visit the vet every month to keep track of your dog’s physical health and growth.
Author: Jessica from Dog Training